The Te-Moak Tribal Council exercises overall jurisdiction over its Bands and all tribal lands; Bands exercise limited authority over local matters. Tribal Elections are held every three years.
Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone
The Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada is a coalition government with headquarters in Elko, Nevada, serving four distinct Shoshone Bands in Nevada: Battle Mountain Colony, Elko Colony, Wells Colony, and the South Fork Reservation. The Te-Moak Tribal Council has total jurisdiction over all tribal lands, though the bands retain sovereignty over all the other affairs, and each has its own separate governing council. The Te-Moak Tribe's constitution and by-laws was adopted and approved in 1938 and amended in 1982.
Battle Mountain Band Colony
The Battle Mountain Colony is located on the west side of the city limits of the town of Battle Mountain, Nevada. It consists of two separate parcels of land totaling 683.3 acres. The original 677.05-acre colony was established by Executive Order on June 18, 1917, for Shoshones living near Winnemucca and Battle Mountain. By an Act of Congress on August 21, 1967, an additional 6.25 acres were added to colony lands.
Elko Band Colony
The Elko Colony is located in the high desert of northeastern Nevada, near the Humboldt River. The colony encompasses 192.80 noncontiguous acres adjacent to the city of Elko, the county seat of Elko County, Nevada. Elko is the only major city near the reservation. Reno, Nevada, lies 289 miles southeastward along U.S. Interstate 80. The Elko Colony was established by Executive Order on March 25, 1918 which reserved 160 acres for Shoshone and Paiute Indians living near the town of Elko. Today, 192.8 acres remain in federal trust. More...
South Fork Band Reservation
The South Fork Band Reservation covers approximately 13,050 acres in northeastern Nevada, 28 miles south of the city of Elko. The reservation sits on rugged high desert terrain typical of northern Nevada and Utah. It is located just west of the Humboldt National Forest and in the foothills of the Ruby Mountains. The reservation was established by Executive Order in 1941 under the provisions of the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act. Land purchases between 1937 and 1939, totaling 9,500 acres, were put toward the newly established reservation's land base. Subsequent land purchases brought the reservation to its present size.
Wells Band Colony
The Wells Colony is located in the high desert of northeastern Nevada, just west of the city of Wells, in Elko County. Elko, the major population center in northeastern Nevada, lies approximately 45 miles southwest of the Wells Colony via Interstate 80. The colony was established by an Act of Congress on October 15, 1977. The Wells Band of Western Shoshone retain 80 acres of federal trust land.